Słowińskie Coast

The landscape of the Słowiński Coast is dominated by coastal dunes, marshes and coastal lakes, separated from the sea by sand docks. The largest swamp areas surround Łebsko and Jamno and occur in the Grabowa valleys, Łeba and, above all, Piaśnica (Bielawskie Błota). On Lake Gardno, near the village of Smołdzino, there is a high moraine rampart – Rowokół (115 m n.p.m.). It is a frontal moraine covered with mixed forest, sloping eastwards on steep slopes towards the Łupawa River. On the top of Rowokół there is a viewing and observation tower. A hill with its surroundings (521,8 ha) is a partial reserve, administered by the board of the Słowiński National Park.

Moving dunes

Moving dunes are a very interesting natural form of the Słowiński Coast. They occupy an area 500 ha and are located in the Słowiński National Park, 6 km to the west of the village of Rąbka. The highest of these are the barchans with the arms facing east, lower and less busy are parabolic dunes with arms facing west. The largest dune is Łącka Góra (35 m n.p.m.), through which the tourist trail leads. Its name comes from the small village of Łączki, covered with sand in the 18th century. Dunes, depending on the direction and strength of the wind, they move east from a few to several meters a year (record it 25 I rok). The result of the development of settlement and the burning of forests and cutting down trees associated with it was the activation of sands in the Middle Ages. They buried several villages and forced the inhabitants of Łeba to leave the settlement. The quicksand fields had the largest area at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries., then a significant part of the dunes were stabilized, by planting pines. In the hollows of the dunes, one can observe processes of plant and animal succession on sand, unique in Europe, starting with the communities of microscopic algae, fungi and protozoa, through the various forms of grasslands and moors, all the way to the pine forest. The recesses hide surprises and traps. Highly diluted sand creates "scraps."” – places, in which you can quickly fall to your knees and deeper.

Sea breeze

The Słowińskie Coast is characterized by a climate with a visible influence of sea air. The winters are quite mild, and the summers are slightly cooler than in the rest of the country. There is a breeze at the seaside.