The Zielonogórskie Hills belong to the Silesian-Greater Poland climatic region, the features of which are shaped by the air masses flowing mainly from the west. Damp and warm winds from the Atlantic cause, that the climate is relatively mild. It is characterized by small annual amplitudes of air temperatures, early spring, long summer (medium 90-100 days), in mild and short winter (50-60 days). The average annual air temperature is around 8 ° C. The hottest month is July (average 18 ° C), and the coldest January (-10 do -2°C). During the year it drops here 550-600 mm of rainfall, most (60-65%) in the spring and summer season.
On podzolic and brown soils, which are the most, forests are growing, mainly pine forests with an admixture of oaks, birches and beech trees. You can also meet oak forests. Lilacs often appear in the undercoat, hazel, buckthorn, raspberries and blackberries, and in the undergrowth – anemones, snowdrops, primroses, heathers, blueberries and blackberries, ferns and a lot of mushrooms. Among the meadows there are islets of an alder and birch forest, thickets of buckthorn, elderberry, rowan and viburnum. In the wetlands there are peat bogs with sundew, woolen, peatlands, swamp and bog cranberries. Wild boars are the inhabitants of Bory Zielonogórskie, deer, alone, fallow deer and foxes. Wolves appear very rarely. In wetlands, Greylaggers and cranes live near ponds and bogs. Black storks can be found in the meadows. Pike swim in water reservoirs and rivers, brzany, bleak and carps.
The land of the branches
Zielona Góra and its vicinity are spread among forests on the hills of the Zielona Góra Embankment. The terrain and warm climate with mild and short winters favored the cultivation of grapevines, no catastrophic frosts or prolonged droughts. Wine-making traditions here go back several hundred years. The growers (specialized gardeners), which at the end of the 18th century. was in Zielona Góra 48, they took care of the vineyards. During this period, approx 700 hectares were cultivated over 2200. W XIX w., with the development of the industry, construction of railway lines (the possibility of importing better quality wines), wine production began to decline. The campaign of brewers from Zielona Góra also inhibited the development of grape cultivation, who forced the municipal authorities to issue 1728 r. a ban on the establishment of new vineyards. In addition to wine, beer began to be produced, vodka, cognacs and liqueurs. Climate change has led to periodic crop failures and deterioration of the quality of the raw material – wine production has dropped to a minimum.