Surface – 1285,2 thousand. km2 ( a country four times larger than Poland).
Population – more than 23 million inhabitants: Native Americans 46%, Metysi 38%, Whites 12%, Negroes, Japanese and Chinese 4%. Religion – Catholics 96%
Climate – country with over 80 climatic zones
Capital – Lima is also known as the City of the Kings (City of the Kings)
Languages – Spanish (official), Quechua, ajmara.
Andy – running from the northwest to the southeast – they divide the country into three great geographical regions: Costa (coast, which stretches over 2 thousand. km2), Sierra (steep ranges of the Andes) and Montania (foothills and plains covered with evergreen forests).
Ewangelizacja Peru rozpoczęła się już w XV w. wiara wielu Peruwiańczyków jest bardzo powierzchowna. They attach great importance to the outward expressions of their faith. Many pagan elements have been preserved in their folk religiosity.
Niezwykle bogaty jest świat roślinny i zwierzęcy Peru. Jaguars live here, pumas and llamas and many other animals typical of such a diverse climate.
Parrots and toucans can be found among the myriad of birds. Amphibians and reptiles are also very numerous, m.in. anakondy, lizards and turtles.
The basis of the economy is agriculture, mining and fishing. Cotton is grown, sugar cane, rice, corn, potatoes, coffee and citrus plants. There are also cattle and sheep.
Peru has many natural resources. There are deposits of non-ferrous and precious metals. The endless areas of the jungle are an enormous natural wealth, in which countless species of animals and birds live.
Despite such great riches, the country is one of the poorest and most backward countries in South America.