Precipitation in the Ural Mountains

Precipitation in the Ural Mountains.

Precipitation in the Urals is varied and depends on the exposure of the slopes. To the west of the mountains reach moist air masses from Western Europe. Consequently, the annual rainfall is relatively high (600-750 mm, do 1000 mm in the north). The continental flows over the eastern Urals for most of the year, dry air from the east and their amount is much smaller (350-450 mm).

Ural climate records

View of the main Urals in the Perm Territory. Picture: Yulia Vandysheva

The territory of the Urals extends over 1800 km from north to south and almost 1000 km – from west to east. The variety of the terrain (two-thirds of the territory is plain, the rest are mountains), natural resources and conditions, the vastness of the territory was determined by various climatic and weather conditions. The sample contains some climatic records recorded by observers of meteorological stations and outposts in the Urals in the 20th century. This data is not permanent and is subject to change. Nature does not like standards and constancy, but some statistics are interesting.

Ural climate records
The most rainfall during the year was recorded in the village of Kazantsevo ( Republic of the Basque Country ) w 1915 r. – 1035 mm.

The lowest amount of rainfall was recorded in the village of Dombarovsky from the Orenburg region in 1937 year – 77 mm.

The strongest downpour occurred in the city of Nyazepetrovsk in the Chelyabinsk region 17 of August 1963 r. 137 mm of rainfall (more than two monthly norms) it spilled over the city every day.

It was raining very heavily at the station. Vereshchagino, Perm Region 30 June 1956 r. – 62 mm of rainfall has dropped over 12 minutes (at a monthly rate 69 mm).

One of the heaviest snowfalls with daily precipitation 68 mm (94% monthly norm) took place 20 October 1962 r. In the city of Minyar in the Chelyabinsk region.

The maximum amount of snow cover was recorded in the village – 147 cm . Beads from the Perm region In the mountains, the height of the snow was as high as 173 cm ( Polyudov Kamen, region Perm).

The minimum height of snow cover during the winter period was recorded in the Kurgan region . in the regional centers of Makushino and Petukhovo – 9 cm.

The last frost in the air has been observed 6 July 1911 r. In Irbit and the village. Ivdel 6 July 1935 r. ( Obwód gravdłowski).

Highest number of days of the year with wind speed 15 m / s and more achieved 220 days – Mount Taganai, Chelyabinsk region. By the way, Taganay is considered the windiest station in the former USSR – the annual average wind speed exceeds here 10 m/s. Among the settlements, the record for wind is the city of Ufa – 58 days.
The fewest days with strong winds were recorded in the village. Verkhnyaya Kosva, obwód gravdłowski – 4.
The earliest date of the last frost was recorded in the city of Sol-Iletsk in the Orenburg region. 9 April 1932

Most days with fog were recorded in St.. Inzer (Bashkortostan) – 89 days of the year. Of the mountain stations, Taganai has the most foggy days – 269.

The fewest days with fog are in the village. Ports of the Sverdlovsk region.

The absolute maximum soil temperature is +69 degrees – c. Kushnarenkovo-1 (Bashkortostan).

The absolute minimum soil temperature is -58 degrees – village. Palmino from the Swierdlowska region.

The village has a record number of stormy days a year. Arkhangelskoe (Bashkortostan) – 51 days.

The highest monthly rainfall was recorded in Kropaczewo, Chelyabinsk Oblast in July 1943 r. – 227 mm. Least – here it fell in July 1952 r. – 5 mm.

The highest number of days with snowstorms – 95 days in Ponomarevsky in the Orenburg region. he was in 1956/57 r. In Taganay, the number is as high as 177 days.

The fewest days with snowstorms are in the Ilek regional center in the Orenburg region. in years 1964/65 – 8 days.

The sun shines the longest in the city of Troick in the Chelyabinsk region. – 2218 hours a year.

The lowest number of hours of sunshine is observed in Krasnowiszersk in the Permian region. – 1518 hours a year.

The fewest storms of all days of the year were recorded in the village. Starosidorovo, region Kurgan – 2, the highest number of storms in Taganai – 11.

The size of large hailstones reaches up to a goose egg and more, weighing from 150 do 205 g (the village of Bagaryak, Chelyabinsk region – 10 July 1893). Mass of individual hailstones, which fell in July 1962 r. In Wołczańsk in the Sverdlovsk region, has achieved 220 g.

The absolute minimum air temperature was recorded in the village – 55 degrees of frost. Rastes and Burmantovo, obwód gravdłowski

Absolute maximum air temperature – +42 degrees were recorded in the city of Yuzhnouralsk in the Chelyabinsk region. i C. Akyar (Bashkortostan).

The latest date of snow cover formation is recorded in the village. Syrt, region Orenburg – 28 of December.

The earliest date of the first frosts in the air was recorded 8 July 1949 r. In the village. Tukan (Bashkortostan). Same day, but in 1960 r., The first frosts were recorded in the city of Ivdel, aw 1963 r. – in Nizhny Tagil in the Sverdlovsk region. Last – 1 November 1905 in Ufa.

The longest frost-free period was recorded in Ufa – 193 days (1905), and the shortest in the village. Tukan (1949-1950).

In St.. Turin 2 July 1937 r. And at the station. Kropaczewo In days 28-29 June 1961 r. The storm was almost there 21 hours.

The lowest depth of soil freezing at the end of winter was recorded in the village of Cherdyn in the Permian region. – 11 cm, and the greatest – 235 cm in Petukhovo in the Kurgan region.

Maximum squall wind speed – 180 km / h was registered in the city of Kamyshlov in the Sverdlovsk Region. 17 May 1965 On top of Taganay, the wind speed above is common 100 km / h.

A snowstorm, which started 31 of December 1951 r. On Polyudovy Kamen in the Perm region, lasted continuously for 161 hours.

The earliest date of formation of the snow cover is 22 September, Beads from the Perm region, earliest date of departure is 11 brand, str. Belyaevka, region Orenburg.

Climate records for the Chelyabinsk region

“This is not Magadan for you, but it's not Sochi either ". But really, who we are, region Czelabińska, compared to Magadan and Sochi?

The warmest city in the region is Kartaly with an average annual air temperature +1,7 degree. In Chelyabinsk -1,5 the degree of heat (Sochi – +14,1 degree, Magadan – -4,7 degree).

The coldest places are the mountains and the north of the region. The average annual air temperature in Taganai is -2,3 degree, a w Nyazepetrovsku i Ufalei – +0,3 degree.

The hottest points, of course, have the longest frost-free period: in Kartaly on average 123 days, in Chelyabinsk – 118, at the top of Taganai – 87 days of the year (in Sochi – 365 days).

The city of Ash is the wettest settlement with annual rainfall 833 mm.

The driest places – village. Rejon Izmailovsky Kizilsky i centrum regionalne Oktyabrskoye. Here it falls accordingly 310 i 330 mm of rainfall per year. In Chelyabinsk – 436 mm (Sochi – 1664 mm, Magadan – 535 mm).

The average daily air temperature in the warmest month of the year in Chelyabinsk is 23,6 degree (Sochi – 27,1, Magadan – 17,9 degree).

Average air temperature in the coldest month (January) in the village. Delirium ma -17,4 degree, in Chelyabinsk 16,4 (Sochi + 5,8, Magadan -21 degrees).

Duration of the period with the average daily air temperature below 10 degrees in Chelyabinsk reaches 236 days (Sochi – 129, Magadan – 302 days).

The duration of winter (more specifically the frosty period, with medium temperature 0 and below) in Chelyabinsk is 198 days, in Sochi – 0, in Magadan – 240 days.

Air humidity at an hour 13:00 in the coldest month of the year and the warmest one respectively 78% i 54% in Chelyabinsk, 68% i 70% in Sochi, 68% i 67% in Magadan.

The highest sunshine duration during the year in Troick is 2218 hours, in Zlatoust – 1611, in Chelyabinsk – 2089 hours. The number of days without sun in a year: Taganaj – 139, Troitsk – 57 days.