Slovakia, situated at the southern foot of the Carpathians, which clearly separate the Polish and Hungarian lowlands, it shares borders with five neighbors: Poland (border in length 597 km), Czechs (240 km), Austria (127 km) Hungary (678 km) and Ukraine (98 km). Country by area 49 035 km2, one of the smallest in Europe, with an inland location, it has an indirect connection with the Black and North Seas via the Danube and the Vah.
State, whose capital city is Bratislava (ok. 450 thousand. residents), is administratively divided into eight countries (provinces) i 79 periods (counties). From a historical and ethnographic point of view, stands out 22 regions (the most important: Orawa, Liptov, Spisz, Turkey, Zemplin, To moan).
Slovakia resembles a pyramid: lowlands on the southern outskirts of the country (Zahorska, Naddunajska, East Slovak, Kosice) they rise gradually into the foothills (Danubian, East Slovak), mountain ranges (Szczawnickie, Strażowskie, Tribeć, Ptasznik, Reddish), these turn into high mountains (Fatra, Low Tatras). The top of the pyramid is formed by the alpine ridge of the High Tatras.
Due to this shape, most of the numerous Slovak rivers flow rapidly towards the Danube, The yews and the great lowlands. The largest rivers in Slovakia are Vag (403 km), Hron (284 km), Ipel (254 km) i Nitra (197 km) and the Danube, which flows through the territory of the country in length 172 km, rolling 2 thousand. m3 of water per second. Lakes are rare in Slovakia, and most of them are Tatra glacial ponds, headed by Hińczowy Staw with an area of 20 ha and a depth of up to 53 m. The shortage of stagnant water reservoirs is complemented by artificial inundations: retention reservoirs and dams on all major rivers as well as gravel lakes and mine ponds. Most of the artificial reservoirs are used as summer recreation centers.
Extremely varied topography and considerable height differences (the lowest point in the Bodrog valley -94 m n.p.m., highest – Gerlach -2655 m n.p.m.) they make, that despite the small area, the country is very diverse in terms of landscapes, fauna and flora and temperatures.