Dhaka – The metropolis of Bangladesh

Dhaka is an expensive city, in which at every turn someone reaches out for money. Average monthly earnings are 35-55 USD, and many must survive, having only a fraction of this amount at their disposal. Food prices are high (many goods are imported, and the duties are very high). People try to save at every step. Vegetables from the provinces to the capital are transported for pennies on the roofs of cruise buses. In ovens, especially in poor neighborhoods and slums, burns with a mixture of cow manure, much cheaper than wood. Trains are almost invisible from the crowds of people occupying the roofs, undercarriage steps and components (Driving outside the wagon is prohibited, but free). It is similar with overloaded ferries that run on many rivers, several of which go to the bottom every year. You can see extreme poverty in the slums, where people live, who came to the capital in search of work. Their dream of a better tomorrow in the face of brutal reality usually remains a dream. But there are also rich people among Dakka's community. They mainly live in the districts of Baridhara or Banani, where renting a house costs at least 1500 USD miesięcznie. Dakka jest największym ośrodkiem przemysłowym Bangladeszu. The city is developing, among others. textile industry, clothing, leather and footwear, food, pharmaceutical, metal and artificial fertilizers. The capital is a center of crafts and trade with centuries-old traditions. It is famous for the production of handicraft products, especially muslin and items made of gold and silver. There are numerous scientific and cultural institutions here, two universities (founded in 1921 i 1970 r.), polytechnic and national library. The seat of the International Jute Organization is based. Dakka is the country's largest road and rail junction. There is an international airport and the country's largest river port (annual transhipment approx 5 min t). Dakka develops spontaneously. It stretches along the river and, together with the surrounding towns, forms a powerful urban complex. People from the provinces come here every day in the hope of finding a better job and easier life. According to data from 1991 r. more than 70% inhabitants of the capital were born outside of it. The constant buzz prevails especially in the old part of the city, where on the narrow, in crowded streets, cars flit between people, rickshaws, oxen, traders playing with children. A crowd of colorfully dressed crowds occupy the sidewalks, sellers urge passers-by to buy their goods. Porters with huge packages on their heads squeeze through the streets between the rickshaws. Policemen with bamboo sticks hit the rickshaw wheels, trying to discharge the constantly forming corks. You hardly ever see women here, which are usually at home. In shops and restaurants, the staff is exclusively male. Wanting to explore the city, you can use the most popular means of transport, what is a rickshaw. Most old, mostly seventeenth-century buildings located in the old part of Dakka. These include the Lal Bagh fort with the Bibi Peri mausoleum, Sat Gumbad mosque, Hindu temple of Dhakeshwara and a Catholic church built by the Portuguese. You can meet larger or smaller mosques at every step, of which there are over in the city 700 (the oldest from the 15th century). There are XIX- and 20th century late Mongolian and neoclassical buildings. It is also worth seeing the 17th-century Small and Large Caravanserai, that is, former inns, night stopping place for travelers, pielgrzymów i kupców. Rekreacyjne funkcje pełni ogród botaniczny (Suhrawardy Uddyan Garden) and Ramna Park with a large stadium. The university and library as well as cultural and administrative centers are nearby. An interesting example of modern architecture is the parliament building from 1982 r. Banga Bhaban deserves attention, official residence of the president. The local port is also worth visiting, completely different from the European ones. Wooden boats, big ships and motorboats go in all directions, according to self-known rules. Porters work in addition to modern reloading equipment, carrying huge packages on their heads. There is a huge market near the port. At the stalls, among small mosques, scream, in the mixture of fragrances, you can buy fabrics, shirts, jewelry, fruit, vegetables, fishes, cigarettes and many other goods.