China – agriculture and industry

The water network in China is very rich. There is over 5000 rivers, which the basin exceeds 100 km2. They are most often classified according to the amount of flow. The Yangtze River is leading the way in this respect, the mean flow at the mouth of which is 34 000 m3/s (highest recorded – 90 200 m3/s) Huang-ho's flow is thirty times smaller. The abundance of water makes, that the Yangtze area is the most densely populated (on 1 km2 even 2000 people) and half of China's agricultural production is concentrated here. At the mouth of the Huang-ho and the Yangtze, there are large ones, rising delta plains. Rivers apply enormous amounts of mud, therefore the delta increment is very fast and can even be as high as 20 km na 50 years. Within 5000 years, the mouth of the Yangtze shifted by 230 km. China has the world's largest hydropower potential. The greatest resources of hydropower are found in mountainous provinces with a rich flowing water network (Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet). Największym niedostatkiem zasobów naturalnych Chin jest niewielka ilość ziem uprawnych i obszarów leśnych w stosunku do ogromnej liczby mieszkańców. Taking 3. place in the world in terms of territory size, the country has only 100 min ha of arable land (10% the entire surface), which gives less than 0,1 no 1 resident. This ratio is one of the lowest in the world. Good and fertile soil is found in the eastern and southern provinces. To acquire new arable land, irrigation systems are built and the terrains located on the slopes are artificially terraced. China is known for breeding the mulberry silkworm, and the harvest of rice, cotton, soybeans and teas are among the largest in the world. Fishing plays an important role. Shellfish are also caught, clams and trepangs. China is a leading manufacturer of cotton yarn and garments. The cotton industry developed in Beijing, Tianjin, Qingdao i Handanie. The silk industry is a traditional specialty, whose centers are in Shanghai, Zhuzhou, Wu-xi i Nantungu. The production of porcelain is also of exceptional importance and has a long tradition. The most important centers are: Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province, Li-ling w Hunan i Tanshan w Hebei. In addition, the metal and machine industry developed (Shanghai, Wuxi, Luoyang, Tianjin), car (Pekin, Shanghai, Canton), chemical (Shanghai, Tianjin), electrotechnical, metalurgiczny oraz hutnictwo. Architektura parkowa rozwinęła się w czasach dynastii Ming i Qing. The characteristic elements of Chinese gardens are artificial hills, Lakes, islands and streams, and rock clusters, among which there are arched bridges, gazebos, pavilions and gates. The best example of this type of architecture is the Summer Palace in Beijing, a w nim: Pavilion of Kindness and Longevity, the pavilion of the Virtuous Harmony, Jade Waves Palace, the Distributed Cloud pavilion and the Porcelain and Eternal Happiness pagodas. People's Republic of China to 1976 r. was a country closed to tourists. Currently, the number of visitors to the Middle Kingdom is constantly growing.