Tropical. Popular types of tents have single-layer tropics. It's worth checking out, whether they use the Ripstop system. if so – nylon is reinforced with additional fibers (form a visible box). Such tropics are more resistant to mechanical damage. A similar solution is used for hiking jackets on the shoulders and elbows, that is there, where the fabric is most vulnerable, e.g.. on friction. In sophisticated, and necessarily more expensive tents, three-tier tropics are used. The middle one may be a goretex membrane. This synthetic breathes, that is, it lets water vapor out, and it does not leak water (and wind) inside. The solution is used in expensive models, rarely appearing on the Polish market. Among the modern solutions available in our company, attention is drawn to e.g.. Vaude's Capillary System for single-skin Scorpion tents. The coating of these tents is three-layer. The outer layer holds water, and the inner one allows the steam to escape. The middle one consists of special gutters. They collect water vapor from the inside and moisture from the outside. The water is drained through gutters outside the tent. This patent made, that the 2-person Scorpion weighs less 2 kg. Depending on the climate, please pay attention to the color. In the desert, the black tropic will not work: will focus the rays of the sun so it will be too hot for us.
Bedroom. It should have good ventilation. Any effective windows made of transparent plastic make it difficult to remove water vapor from the inside of the tent. The bedroom floor is essential for the waterproofing of the tent. Reputable manufacturers indicate the waterproofness of the tents on the tags. It is expressed in millimeters of water column / cm2 – only then is the water allowed to pass through the flysheet and the floor, when the amount of rainfall exceeds this number. For a minimum satisfactory result, experts recognize approx 1,5 thousand. mm of water column / cm2 (the tropics) and approx 3 thousand. mm/cm2 (for the floor).
Mast guides. In the cheapest models there are loops attached every few dozen centimeters to the seams from the bedroom. This is not a convenient solution. The mast is difficult to slide in and only after the bedroom has been set up can the flysheet be placed over it. Putting up such a tent is especially troublesome in the rain. The cuffs are more comfortable (narrow tunnels) along the entire length of the seam. The tubes are then much more convenient to insert. Best, if the guides are on the flysheet. To stretch the tent, The masts, after being moved through the guides, are inserted into the eyelets at the corners
– and the flysheet is already standing. You enter the broken flysheet, how to shell a turtle and – even in a downpour – calmly pinning the bedroom on, sitting on luggage. Some models require a hook to be inserted into the end of the tube. It's a less convenient solution.
Vestibule (veranda). Almost all models are equipped with at least a roof that can be opened over the entrance with two masts. Often the vestibule is stretched over a semicircular arch – it is sheathed with fabric not only from above, but also on both sides. You can cook in it, and if it is more spacious – also store luggage or bicycles.
Pins and pegs. The more expensive the model and the better adapted to difficult weather conditions, the stiffer it has, thicker and lighter herring, or even solid spikes with a closed round eye. A rope can be tied to the round ears of such a solid pin, additionally by attaching the tent to trees or stones. Better not to choose tents equipped with thin pins, (well known to users of former triangular "huts") – they bend when you try to drive into harder ground.
You have. The structure of the tent is based on them. We assemble the masts from a few thin tubes, made of fiberglass or aluminum. Aluminum ones are more durable and lighter, but also more expensive. The tubes are connected with a spring or a rubber band. The spring has an unquestionable advantage over the rubber band, which stretches quickly and loosens the connection. The steel masts that are sometimes offered to open the canopy from the vestibule are very stable, but heavy. You can successfully not use them, by tying the canopy to the nearest tree with tensioning ropes or supporting it on poles taken from the forest.
Stitches. Made "inside out" disqualify the product. Self-respecting companies offer tents with taped and welded seams. Let them not get wet, they should be glued with special tapes and welded, not pierced right through by the machine needle. The floor must be checked, is made of one piece, whether stapled. Seam across, there is a risk of moisture getting inside.