The foundation of the city is related to the activities of the English political leader John Winthrop, which in 1630 r. he arrived in these areas with the expedition 900 settlers. They established a settlement called Boston, which began to develop very quickly, a w 1632 r. became the capital of the Massachusetts colony. In years 1643-84 Boston performed scientific and educational functions, the first schools and libraries were established. The coastal location made it, that the city became an important center of international colonial trade. W XVIII w. it was the center of resistance against England and the cradle of the independence movement. It resulted from the dynamic territorial and economic development of the colony, which was accompanied by the development of a sense of own strength and separateness. England's policy held back the development of American industry, trade and shipping. The first clash of the local population with the British Crown troops protecting the customs office took place 5 HI 1770 r. (the so-called. Boston Massacre). Arbitrary pricing for items produced by the colonists, zakaz przywozu towarów amerykańskich na statkach nie należących do Wielkiej Brytanii i przede wszystkim wysokie cła na herbatę były przyczynami wybuchu wojny o niepodległość. Jej zarzewiem stało się zatopienie przez Amerykanów w porcie bostońskim 16 XII 1773 r. the transportation of tea imported on East India Society ships, in protest against the duties imposed by Great Britain (the so-called. Boston tea). This resulted in repressions by the metropolitan authorities, which became the direct cause of the outbreak of St. 1775 r. American Revolutionary War. Do 1775 r. Boston was the main port and largest city in New England. Nowadays, despite turning away from the sea, the metropolis is also teeming with life. The pace of development is mainly driven by industry, mainly machine-made, shipbuilding, means of transport, light and polygraphic, increasingly supported by newer specialties, especially electronics. Together with New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia Boston provides services for the import and export of many goods by sea, a industrial district, called Megalopolis, which it consists of, it stretches along the east coast for a length of approx 1000 km. Boston to także ważny ośrodek finansowy kraju i miejsce przyciągające tysiące turystów rocznie. W Bostonie zachowało się wiele elementów architektury europejskiej. Despite the visible modernity, almost the entire area of the city is characterized by low buildings, perfectly integrated into the hilly landscape. Brick residential houses from the 17th-19th century. and administration and public utility buildings from the 17th century. they perfectly fit the climate of Boston and distinguish it from other American metropolises. Only the oldest part of the city has dense buildings and an irregular network of streets, located on the Boston peninsula. The history and the beginnings of the formation of American statehood are reminiscent of the winding ones, Streets with the most important buildings winding around the center.