Bukowa Forest

The Bukowa Forest from the west and north borders on the right-bank districts of Szczecin and the Goleniów Forest, and to the south and east – with extensive agricultural areas of the Szczecin Lowlands. The Bukowe Hills, covered with the Beech Forest, are the range of the highest moraine hills in north-west Pomerania.. They are composed, among others. from Oligocene clay and chalk marl. Their northern part is covered with clay, while sand and gravel predominate in the west. Fragments of Tertiary rocks are found on the central and eastern areas of the forest. The areas covered by the Bukowa Primeval Forest are among the most diversified in terms of relief in Western Pomerania. The landscape was mainly influenced by erosion processes related to the disappearance of the ice sheet, which caused, that the heights exceeding 100 m n.p.m. (Bukowiec, 149 m n.p.m.) have been torn by a network of deep valleys, ravines and ravines. There are numerous peat bogs here, lakes and erratic boulders. The numerous streams flowing in deep valleys flow in all directions. They are fed by rainwater or springs located on the slopes of the hills. An interesting phenomenon of the disappearance of streams occurs here (Ponikwa, Loss), related to the scale system of geological layers. The largest streams in the forest are Kłobucki Potok, Rudzianka and Chojnówka. On the hardly permeable ground, there are depressions filled with peat or water. The largest lakes are Binowskie (52,4 ha) and Glinna (75,6 ha). In the north-western part of the Szczecin Landscape Park, on the edge of the Bukowa Primeval Forest, there is a picturesque Szmaragdowe Lake (2,6 ha), which was established on the site of a flooded opencast chalk limestone mine, functioning until 1925 r. Its depth comes to 16 m. It owes its unusual color to the high content of calcium carbonate. The Płonia river flowing into Lake Dąbie flows through the Bukowa Forest. Its waters are clear, that is why there are trouts in the headwaters. It is also used as a canoe trail. The climate of the area is characterized by more frequent and more abundant rainfall than in other parts of the region. The varied relief is also the cause of the different microclimates of individual places, depending on elevation, nachylenia i ustawienia do słońca. Na stosunkowo niewielkim obszarze Puszczy Bukowej wykształciło się wiele zespołów roślinnych. The Szczecin Landscape Park was established to protect them. The flora of the region is exceptionally rich. The Pomeranian beech forest occupies the most space, there are various riparian forests in the stream valleys, where you can find floristic peculiarities that are very rare in Europe. The Beech forest is a remnant of the old coastal forest. Currently, pine with an admixture of beech predominates in the stand, oak and alder. Such plants can be found in the undergrowth, how: cuckoo orchid, marsh orchid, red grenadier, forest nest, woodbine, sedge open, staphylococcus and the golden-headed lily. Apart from the forests, numerous peat bogs are also valuable. In the south-eastern part of the forest, near the village of Glinna, there is a dendrological garden with many interesting specimens of plants.